Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS)

Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS)

Toxic shock syndrome is a rare, but serious, medical condition caused by a bacterial infection. It is caused when the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus gets in to the bloodstream and produces toxins. Although toxic shock syndrome has been linked to superabsorbent tampon use in menstruating women, this condition can affect men, children and people of all ages.

Symptoms include sudden onset of high fever, vomiting, severe watery diarrhea, and muscle aches. It is typically followed by hypotension (low blood pressure) and, in severe cases, shock. The disease cannot be spread from one person to another.

Information for the General Public

Information for Public Health Departments